As Tel Aviv is the largest metropolitan area in all of Israel, it is fitting that the city also be at the nexus of its transportation networks. The Central Bus Station is the largest in Israel and among the largest bus stations in the entire world. The Israel Railways network has its hub in Tel Aviv. In addition, Tel Aviv is in the process of building a light rail system that will include several underground sections.
Unlike most other parts of the country, even while Egged enjoyed a virtual monopoly on bus services nearly everywhere, the primary bus operator in the Tel Aviv region is Dan. Dan was founded in 1945 as a cooperative, though it was reorganized in 2002 as a limited company. Dan has over 1,200 buses and 2,400 employees serving over 600,000 passengers each day. Other bus operators have a presence in the region. Metropoline and Kavim operate services to the northern and eastern suburbs, respectively and Afikim connects Tel Aviv to Ariel.
Since the construction of the Ayalon Highway was completed in 1993, Tel Aviv has been the hub of the Israel Railways network. Four stations are located within Tel Aviv’s boundaries, and Tel Aviv Savidor-Merkaz served over 38,000 passengers each day in 2009. Every station in the Israel Railways network can be reached without a change of trains from Tel Aviv, with the exception of Dimona. Tel Aviv will be only a 35 minute trip away from Jerusalem once the high speed line to the capital is completed.
Tel Aviv has had plans to construct a subway since the 1960s, though in 2000 that plan was changed to a light rail. Construction on the first line from Petach Tikva to Bat Yam via Bnei Brak, Ramat Gan, and Tel Aviv began in 2015 with service expected to begin in 2021. A second line from Herzliya to Rishon LeTzion via Tel Aviv and Holon is in the planning stages. Plans call for up to six additional lines serving places such as Yahud, Or Yehuda, Givat Shmuel, Rehovot, Nes Tziona, Ra’anana, Hod Hasharon, and Netanya.
Dan's articulated buses are found on its busiest and highest volume routes, including the new "Line 1" paralleling the future Tel Aviv Light Rail Red Line route. These buses have gradually replaced the Mercedes-Benz O 405 G models. The buses assigned to Line 1 are identical to those operated by a Dan subsidiary on the Metronit in Haifa and feature on board fare payment.
Afikim was founded in 2008 as a part of Sela Holdings. It began service that same year, operating a handful of routes connecting the West Bank to other parts of Israel. In 2013, it took over all of Connex's (Veolia's) bus routes, significantly expanding its network. As of 2014, it operates 145 lines with about 350 buses.