As is the case throughout Israel, buses are the primary form of public transport in the central and southern regions of the country. However, recent development and improvements to the Israel Railways network to cities such as Ashkelon, Sderot, Ofakim, Netivot, and Be’er Sheva have made the train a more viable option for getting to Tel Aviv and points further north. However, there are some parts of the Negev especially that are only accessible by bus or by car, such as Mitzpe Ramon and Eilat. However, this too may change someday, as there are plans to build a railway line all the way to Eilat, Israel’s southernmost city.
Egged's local services in Eilat use intercity coaches on account of the fact that Eilat is so far removed from any other city. However, in recent years, the intracity buses that are often found in other cities have started running within Eilat as well.
Metropoline was founded in 2000 by Tour Bus and two other companies. In southern Israel, Metropoline operates routes to and from Rehovot, Be'er Sheva, Dimona, and Mitzpe Ramon, and also connects these locales to the center of the country.